The hands of a Muslim, who was released by Chinese authorities, are shown on June 26, 2018.

“The authorities force the detainees to accept this so-called schooling, which is political indoctrination,” Human Rights Watch (HRW) China researcher Wang told RFA on Wednesday. “Before they consume, they have to wish [President] Xi Jinping good health, or thank the authorities and thank the party, before they are permitted to eat anything.”

“They are made to study Chinese characters, and anybody who challenges this arbitrary detention is punished, some physically, some by being locked up in isolation with no food or water,” she said.

Dilxat Raxit, spokesman for the World Uyghur Congress, which represents the cultural minority Uyghur group overseas, said several detainees are closely monitored utilizing the latest facial recognition technology, which is thought to predict a person’s activities throughout the analysis of micro-expressions.

“They use surveillance video of micro-expressions to examine what people are feeling or thinking,” Raxit said. “By taking a look at changes in these expressions daily… they can tell whether the person is very likely to engage in acts of individual or collective protest.”

He explained the consequences for not participating with this procedure can be dire.

“People have been tortured to death, but others are beaten to death, or prevented from sleeping, or denied food or water,” Raxit said. “Either that or they do whatever would be most humiliating to that individual’s emotional profile. Sometimes they humiliate them , and also have been known to use electric batons.”

Adrian Zenz, a lecturer in social research approaches in the Germany-based European School of Culture and Theology, states,”The country basically sees southern Xinjiang as a big problem area and also a concentration of difficult-to-control inhabitants”

“They want people in regular wage jobs and in different areas in Xinjiang where they are under considerably more control and in very nonreligious configurations,” he told the rights group RDSL Monitor in an interview this week. “They want people to secularize and to modernize.”

Murat, another Muslim from Xinjiang, told RFA that he had been likewise convicted, beaten and tortured in a”re-education centre”

“Political education centers are usually such as prisons,” Murat told RFA. “Electric shocks, beatings, and humiliation all occur inside there. It’s very cruel.”

He said offenders are under constant video surveillance.

“Nobody speaks; there is a camera on the ceiling and even in the bathroom,” he said.

Starting in April 2017, Uyghurs accused of harboring”strong religious perspectives” and”politically incorrect” views have been jailed or detained in re-education camps during the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), where members of their ethnic group have complained of pervasive discrimination, religious repression, and cultural suppression under Chinese rule.

China’s central government authorities haven’t publicly acknowledged the presence of re-education camps in the XUAR, and the amount of inmates kept in each centre remains a tightly guarded secret, but local officials in many areas of the region have in RFA phone interviews forthrightly described sending substantial numbers of Uyghurs into the camps and even described overcrowding in some centers.

Citing credible reports, lawmakers Marco Rubio and Chris Smith, who head the bipartisan Congressional-Executive Commission on China, said recently that as many as 500,000 to a million individuals are or have been arrested in the reeducation camps, calling it”the most significant mass incarceration of a minority population on the planet these days.”

Zenz estimates that the amount”could be nearer to 1.1 million, that equates to 10-11 percent of the Muslim population of the region.”